Vows, Oaths and Curse (MT)


Vows and Pledges


The vow is a voluntary Vows, Oaths and Curseassignment to pious exercises to strengthen the skills for the good that is both rewarding and a victim of God.

Vows are given by people in thanksgiving for their heavenly assistance or prayer for God's help. Typically, a vow is given in difficult circumstances when you need special assistance of God. Vows can be given and for no apparent reason: for the love of God and a sense of gratitude to Him.


There are two kinds of vows - in the broad and narrow sense of the word:  

  • By vows in a broad sense include the usual vows: baptism, upon marriage, in the post. In baptism vows holy life, in marriage - a vow of marital fidelity; occupation of a position given a vow of faithful public service and careful execution of their duties. Thus, the vows, the data in the commission of the Christian sacraments, the service of society and between people - it vows in the broadest sense. 
  • To close vows carry vows in excess of the ordinary, these God in difficult circumstances of life or employees to honor God and aimed to promote our salvation. For example, in human disease may be a vow of attending religious services or the commission of travel to holy places, after recovery. Or, at risk to his life, can give a vow to distribute to the poor considerable amount of money. By the close, and vows include a vow of monasticism, which determines the whole future life of man and can not be canceled under any circumstances.


The purpose of monasticism is achieved through the continued implementation of voluntary christian precepts and basic monastic vows, among which the most important place is occupied: poverty, virginity and obedience.


Commandments are nothing but a definite and objective presentation of the rules of the human conscience, the Lord of this man in his creation and vows are the means that contribute to the execution of the commandments.


Poverty is in perfect renunciation of the world, that is, abandonment of worldly honors and titles. Food, clothing and other necessary items should only serve to preserve life and health, rather than contentment and lust and therefore must be used with great restriction.


Virginity is a constant unmarried life that is in complete abstinence from all allowed to married life, as well as permanent storage of the soul of unchaste thoughts and desires.


Obedience is a constant voluntary humble submission to the will of another, with the strongest rejection of your own will and discretion. A true novice obedience performs exactly as he said nothing and dropping without adding.



Any good vows, people, and especially to God - are beneficial, but they should be required to perform, or if there is even the slightest doubt, better not to give in order not to harm yourself and others. The man, who gave a vow, not only feels obliged before God and man, honestly fulfill the promise, but really responsible for his words. Violation of the vows given to God is a sin against the third commandment of God's Law. Vows, to be understood as payment to God for the kindness extended to them, are unworthy. Lightly given promise of Herod the Great, on the festival, dancer Salome, to fulfill all of which she had neither wished, was a consequence of Beheading of John the Baptist (Mk.6:17-29). History shows that Herod and Salome overtook a horrible death.


In the Holy Scriptures known to the vows of the patriarch Jacob (Byt.38:20), Jephthah (Sud.11:30-31), Anna, mother of Samuel (1Tsar.1:11), David (Ps.65:13), John the Baptist (Luk.1:15), Paul (Act.18:18; 21:23) and others.


Negative vows are the same as positive vows, only they have a different name Vow - a promise of a positive direction, but vows can be both positive and negative direction. - pledges. In the pledge man makes a promise not to do this or that sin, to fight the strongest terms with a particular sinful habit. Pledges are often given in solemn conditions, before the holy cross and the gospel not rare for a lifetime. However, permitted and there are times when the pledge is given for a few years.


If the Lord put it in the heart of someone to take a vow, then it should provide:  

  • First, with a prayer that God took him;
  • Second, with gratitude to God for what He has inspired him;
  • Third, again with a prayer that the Lord has helped to fulfill it;
  • Fourth, with a firm resolve to meet it.


Vows to God may have a different nature, for example: a pilgrimage to the holy places, alms to the needy, caring for the sick and the decoration of the temple, rule of prayer, and others. Vows should be given the blessing or the board of spiritual father. Violation own vows, like a curse yourself.


Vows, with the exception of the main monastic vows, may be removed by priests for the following reasons:

  • if it is physically impossible to enforce;
  • if it is harmful to humans, for example, a vow of strict fasting for certain diseases or difficult life situations.

Even in such cases, the vows should be replaced by others, more relevant for people. If you take too heavy a vow, you should ask the priest read the special prayer on the «prohibition» and vow to change feasible.