Short Christian Dictionary  (MT)


An abbey - is an independent monastery for monks or nuns, above-ground on regulation of Benedict.



Avva - from Greek father - spiritual leader.



Autocephaly - from Greek is selfproclaiming; independent status of local national church, having own primate - patriarch or metropolitian.



Agnosticism - is a rational conclusion about the scopes of our reason and relativity of our intellectual knowledges. He can bring a man over or to the faith, or to positivism, that to the defeat and waiver of search of sense of life.



Acathistus - from Greek is a not seat. Praing, which can be listened upright. An acathistus consists of 12 contakions and 12 ikoses. Acathistuses it is a delight and deep feeling of the soul of human пред a grandeur holiness and exploit.



Aksios (from Greek - deserving) - is exclamation, pronouncing a bishop, accomplishing laying on of hands of new diakon, priest or bishop. Pronounced at a vestment supplied in every new liturgical clothes and then three times repeats oneself choir. In antiquity «акsios» people expressed a consent singing with dignity of laing-on of hands.



Halleluiah (you praise God) - is combination of words, often meeting in Jewish liturgical texts. Entered in christian divine service without translation.



Altar - from Latin altar. An altar or Throne is a wooden, rarer metallic or stone table which Liturgy is accomplished on usually. An altar is also name all space round Throne.



An ambo - is  middle part of solea before Tsar's Gates.



Amen - in a jewish meaning confirmation and consent. Entered in christian divine service without translation.



A lectern - is a high dinner-wagon with a sloping top, used for service books and icons. Lecterns adorn oneself clothes and bedspreads of that color, what is have clothes of clergy in this holiday.



An anathema - is excommunication, but not curse. Anathema - a separation, rejecting, means. When some studies give way to Church to the anathema, it means that studies contain abuse on Saint of Spirit and for a rescue, him it is necessary to reject and remove. When gives way to the anathema of persons, it means that this man gave way to the blasphemous studies, thus, deprives from this rescue itself and those which he reveals to the manner of thoughts. If persons this studies will realize and will cast aside and will decide to accept studies Christly, then he is under an obligation in public to anathematize a former false doctrine.



Animism - is a faith in existence of perfumes, inspiring of forces of nature, animals, plants and inanimate objects, ascription by him reason, capability and supernatural power.



An antidoron - is greater part of просфоры from which Lamb is withdrawn at liturgy.



Antimins or corporal - silk or linen pays, with an image on him position in the coffin of Christ Rescuer, with the particle of the sainted earthly remains sewn up in him. Antimins matters throne, therefore it is in the case of necessity possible to accomplish liturgy and only on one antimins. Antimins means in place of holy table, it is sanctified by a bishop. Antimins is uncoved on a throne only during liturgy before the Cherub song and on him the mystery of sanctifying of gifts is accomplished. He is always wrapped up in other shawl which is named iliton ( from Greek to roll up), that it is character of that bandage which tied around the chapter of Jesus Christ during position of Him in a coffin.



An antinomy - is paradoxical assertion, going out outside formal logic.



Antifons - in own sense  it is canticles, made from the fragments of psalms and executable alternately two galleries. Appeared only in IV age in Western Church due to prelate Amvrosiy Mediolanskiy (340 - 397).



Anthropology - is integral studies about a man in his attitude toward God, to the world and to itself.



Apocryphas - from Greek secret. Works, pretened on authority equal to Scripture, but not plugged in the canon of Bible. From Middle ages, apocryphas began to be named also by free literary variations on biblical themes.



Apologetics - from Greek protect. Area of christian divinity, engaged in defence and acquittal of the dogma by reasons, turned to reason.



Apostles - are select diciples of Rescuer, sent by Him in different countries for preacher of Gospel.