Sacraments Substances Used in Worship (MT)



Frankincensemyrrh (incense)


Frankincense is the aromatic sap of a tree, a hardening in the air and collected in a thorny bush Custus Creticus, also known as frankincense tree, which grows in Cyprus, Arabia, Syria, Lebanon, Palestine, the Caucasus and Eastern Africa.


Custus Creticus  - is an evergreen shrub with beautiful flowers of red and white. In summer, the gray bark make incisions, of which slowly trickle white liquid. A few days later, it hardens, forming unique balls.



Ancient inhabitants of Phoenician and Egyptian appreciated that the resin or incense, to use it with their idolatry, as well as doctoring, as warming and astringent. Clubs fragrant smoke, rising pointed to the sky god and supramarginal, however, marked his spiritual presence. Pagans have burned incense to their gods, that is, the demons, and the Christians used it at the burial of their martyrs.



Insence highly valued in many countries and as one of the valuable gifts and raised usually tsars, princes, and other important persons in the special mark of respect to him and reverence. Thus, among the gifts the wise men brought the Infant God Jesus was, and frankincense, foreshadowing his martyrdom (Mf.2:11).



Bread and Wine


Bread and wine – are very capacious characters that even real and materially accumulate in itself all the fruits of human effort: work tillers, sowers, harvesters, millers, bakers, growers and winemakers. It is important that the development of civilization, the circle of participants in an increasingly expanding, because that implies, and those who have contributed to the development of modern production. Thus, the bread and wine - not just the result of global solidarity and the foundation of life, life itself, with all its joys and sufferings, and this is being sacrificed to God on behalf of the people.



It should be noted that the amount of vitamins and trace elements in quality grape wine, grape juice does not concede, so the quality light wines which are used by adults in doses lower than moderate doses - are useful. Such a moderate dose of dry wine is the use of a day not more than 0.5 liters, and fastening with no more than 0.3 liters, but the optimal dose is 2.5 times less than the moderate dose.



In all places of Scripture, which speaks of the bread of the Eucharist, the bread is called in Greek - artos, which means that white bread has risen to leaven. We know that in apostolic times, that is, from the very beginning of its establishment, the Eucharist was accomplished in the year-round, weekly, when the Jewish unleavened bread is not made ready, so the Eucharist was accomplished even in the Judeo-Christian communities of leavened bread. Especially this applies to communities of Christians from the Gentiles, which was completely alien to the law of unleavened bread. Moreover, in the early Christian Church for the sacrament of the Eucharist the substance was used from the offerings of the people who brought to the temple from their houses generally leavened bread.





Artos - leavened bread, sanctified Easter by aspecial prayer. On the first day of Easter artos is brought to the altar, and relies on the altar in a special vessel, called «panagiar». On the same day of his consecration is with the reading of prescribed prayers and the sprinkling of holy water.



However, there are a further refinement in the supplementary breviary, - «Priest can shatter artos also at the liturgy of prayer before the Ambo and give believers instead antidor. Artos should not be stored all year for any superstition». In all of Bright week - artos is a symbol of the risen Christ.


 A cross is sketched on artos, crowned with thorns, as a sign of Christ's victory over death, or the image of the Resurrection, but not the crucified Christ - as a sign of Christ's victory over death.



Artos sanctified with a special prayer, sprinkling by holy water and burning incense on the first day of Holy Easter liturgy in the following prayer before the Ambo. It is placed on the table at solea against the rsar's gate. After the incense around the table with artos priest reads a special prayer, after which three times artos sprinkles by holy water with the words «blessed and sanctified by the sprinkling of holy water this artos in the name of the Father, Son and Holy Spirit. Amen».